When you have diabetes, your body doesn’t use sugar effectively. This affects the process of healing wounds. It takes longer to heal the wound in a diabetic patient. Here are the reasons why:
Increase in blood sugar levels
The arteries stiffen due to increased blood sugar level. This narrows down the blood vessels. This affects proper wound healing.
Poor blood circulation
As the blood vessels are narrowed, it leads to reduced blood flow and oxygen to a wound. An increased blood sugar level decreases the function of red blood cells that take nutrients to the tissue. This reduces the efficiency of white blood cells to fight infection.
Patients have a loss of sensation when the nerves in the body are affected by uncontrolled blood sugar levels. This condition is called Diabetic Neuropathy. In such case, people cannot feel an infection or a surgical wound problem. So, the wound gets more severe and gets difficult to treat.
Immune System Deficiency
The efficiency of your immune system is decreased when you have diabetes. Increased sugar level prevents the immune system to function effectively.
Higher risk of infection
Because of a weak immune system, diabetic patients have an increased risk of having an infection. It reduces the healing process of the wound. If untreated, these infections may lead to gangrene.
So, if you are a diabetic patient, you should be careful and avoid areas or things that increase the chances of getting a cut in your skin. You should be careful, that the cut doesn’t get infected.